Georgia O’Keeffe,(born November 15, 1887, near Sun Prairie, Wisconsin, U.S.—died March 6, 1986, Santa Fe, New Mexico), American painter, best known for her large-format paintings of natural forms, especially flowers and bones, and for her depictions of New York City skyscrapers and architectural and landscape forms unique to northern New Mexico. […]
Torn between her need to seek new stimuli for her art and her loyalty to Stieglitz, she decided to spend the summer of 1929 working on her art in New Mexico, which she had first visited briefly in 1917. There she rediscovered a landscape environment as exhilarating to her as the West Texas landscape had been in the 1910s; indeed, it would sustain her creativity for many years. […]
In 1940 she purchased the house that she had occupied at Ghost Ranch since 1936, and in 1945 she purchased a second property—a badly deteriorated hacienda in Abiquiu with a large garden. From 1945 to 1949, O’Keeffe’s friend Maria Chabot oversaw the restoration of the Abiquiu house and garden. […]
In largely overcoming many critics’ gendered interpretations of her work, O’Keeffe also played a key role in disabusing the art community and the general public of the notion that gender was in any way a determinant of artistic competence or creativity. Thus, she helped to establish a new and significant space for female artists in a realm that has continued to be dominated by men.
For full biography see Encyclopedia Britannica entry.